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Missing icons and directories explained

Discussion in 'Plesk for Linux - 8.x and Older' started by titus@, May 6, 2005.

  1. titus@

    titus@ Guest

    0
     
    Hello,

    I just started a new dedicated server and am somwhat lost. First, quite a few of the icons as described in the Plesk Admin manual is not showing. For example, I don't see the Server link on the navigation pane.

    Also, there are a number of directories (listed below) that I can see when I FTP into my server. What do these do?
    anon_ftp
    bin
    cgi-bin
    conf
    error_docs
    etc
    httpdocs
    httpsdocs
    lib
    pd
    private
    statistics
    subdomains
    tmp
    usr
    var
    web_users

    The hosting company said they are all under /home/httpd/vhosts/canreef.com/. My question are:
    1) Does each site run under /home/httpd/vhosts/site_name?
    2) What are the other directories above the ..../vhosts directory?
    3) What is the purpose of having cgi-bin when I don't have to place cgi files into this directory for them to run?
    4) Why don't I have access to the statistics folder?

    And is there a site where I can go to learn more about these directories? Are these created by Plesk? And if another domain is to be hosted on the same server, Plesk will create another set of these directories?

    Thanks
     
  2. defencer

    defencer Guest

    0
     
    Plesk has 4 types of users: admin, client, domain owner, mailname. Only amin has a SERVER link in a control panel. So if you don't see a SERVER link then this means that you are not logged as admin.

    Yes.

    /home/httpd/vhosts. Inside vhosts directory there are such many directories as the number of domains with hosting in plesk. I.e.

    /home/httpd/vhosts/domain1.com
    /home/httpd/vhosts/domain2.net
    ...

    No purpose. If you have CGI feature inactive in your hosting configuration, then cgi-bin directory means nothing.

    There are an apache log files inside. You are not allowed to see this directory for the security reason.

    just read a manual, or ask here in forum

    Yes. Yes.

     
  3. titus@

    titus@ Guest

    0
     
    Hello,

    Wow I like your reply. Very clear question and answer format.

    What is the difference between client, domain owner, and mailname?

    Sorry I meant what other directories are at /home/httpd, and /home, and at root?

    But CGI is active and I am runninng a CGI script. Since the script isn't in the cgi-bin directory, I was wondering what is the purpose of having this.

    Aside from the user manual for Pleak, are there any texts (ie dedicated server for dummies, etc) or websites that provides some type of guide to running a dedicated server?

    Thanks.
     
  4. defencer

    defencer Guest

    0
     
    Client is a control panel user, that able to own and manage several domains at the same time. Admin can assign an IP addresses that client can use in its domains, Site Applications pool that client can setup on its domains etc.. Also admin can setup different set of permissions and limits for the client. For example admin can allow or disallow for client to create domains. You can use client for resellers account or as a owner of the many domains.

    Domain owner is a control panel user, that can manage only one domain. As an admin for the client, client can setup different permissions an limits for somain user. Of course domain user has a subset of abilities of the client to manage domain.

    Mailname is a control panel user as well as email user. It can manage only its settings, such as mailbox, mail redirect aotoresponders etc. Of course it can read a mailbox, using some email client or webmail.


    It's depends on the certain host, of course.

    Fo example I have only vhosts directory in /home/httpd. In a /home directory there ar a home directories of the system users. In a root / directory I have:
    $ ls -la /
    total 237
    drwxr-xr-x 19 root root 4096 Feb 18 09:02 .
    drwxr-xr-x 19 root root 4096 Feb 18 09:02 ..
    -rw------- 1 root root 18432 May 6 02:35 aquota.user
    -rw-r--r-- 1 root root 0 Feb 18 09:02 .autofsck
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Dec 8 18:04 bin
    drwxr-xr-x 4 root root 1024 Dec 17 08:56 boot
    drwxr-xr-x 22 root root 118784 Feb 18 09:02 dev
    drwxr-xr-x 53 root root 4096 May 5 21:44 etc
    drwxr-xr-x 7 root root 4096 Jan 9 08:01 home
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Jan 24 2003 initrd
    drwxr-xr-x 12 root root 4096 Jan 10 09:12 lib
    drwx------ 2 root root 16384 Jun 25 2004 lost+found
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 4096 Sep 8 2003 misc
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Dec 9 20:28 mnt
    drwxr-xr-x 3 root root 4096 Jun 30 2004 opt
    dr-xr-xr-x 160 root root 0 Feb 18 04:02 proc
    drwxr-x--- 11 root root 4096 Apr 6 02:40 root
    drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 8192 Dec 8 18:10 sbin
    drwxrwxrwt 3 root root 20480 May 6 08:28 tmp
    drwxr-xr-x 17 root root 4096 Jul 4 2004 usr
    drwxr-xr-x 24 root root 4096 Jul 4 2004 var

    There are several possibilities to say apache which files are cgi scripts and which are not. You can set up an apache that it will recognize cgi scripts by file extension. Or you can tell apache that I have a special directory (in our case it is cgi-bin directory) which contans only cgi scripts with no dependency of file extension. So cgi-bin directory allows you to create a cgi script with any file extension (or even without file extension at all) put it into the cgi-bin directory and this will be treated and processed by apache as cgi script. Uff, hope you understand me :)

    I think there are a number of such sites, But I don't know them, because I am not using them.
     
  5. titus@

    titus@ Guest

    0
     
    Hello,

    I guess I have a Client account because I can setup domains and templates.

    When you get a dedicated server package, does the hosting company normally setup the Apache, mySQL, etc for you? Or the customer is the one that set them up?

    Yes I understand your explanation for the cgi-bin directory. Now as far as I understand, the directories I have are there because they were initally set in the Skeleton in Plesk? If so, does Plesk have an explanation in the manual that describes the purpose of these directories?

    Thanks.
     
  6. defencer

    defencer Guest

    0
     
    It depends on the contract. Both variant is possible. It is even possible that you bring your own server to the datacenter. This called colocation, if I not mistake.

    Not exact. You can put only a few directories into the skeleton.

    These are:

    - httpdocs
    - httpsdocs
    - cgi-bin
    - anon_ftp
    - error_docs

    And If some of these directories is not in a skeleton, then such directory will be created automatically during hosting creation. You can read about skeleton management here:
    http://download1.sw-soft.com/Plesk/Plesk7.5/Doc/plesk-7.5r-clients-guide-html/ch02s12.html



    I have never seen any explanation of directories in plesk documentation. I can try to do it here :)

    anon_ftp - root directory for the anonymous FTP content
    bin, etc, lib, tmp, usr, var - directories for chrooted environment creation.
    cgi-bin - cgi scripts
    conf - apache virtual host configuration files
    error_docs - apache error documents
    httpdocs - webroot
    httpsdocs - webroot for SSL enabled virtual host
    pd - files with protected directories users passwords
    private - private directory accessible only for ftp user
    statistics - contains apache log files, and webalizer's pages
    subdomains - directory for subdomains
    web_users - directory for web users.
     
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